أكتوبر 12, 2017
اخر تعديل : أكتوبر 30, 2018

President of Yemen

President of Yemen
بواسطة : رانيا منصور
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 President of Yemeni : Abdrabbuh Mansur Hadi, Hadi was born in 1945 in Thukain, Abyan, a southern Yemeni governorate. He graduated from a military academy in the Federation of South Arabia in 1964. In 1966 he graduated after receiving a military scholarship to study in Britain, He speak English.

In 1970, he received another military scholarship to study tanks in Egypt for six years. Hadi spent the following four years in the Soviet Union studying military commanding. He occupied several military posts in the army of South Yemen until 1986, when he fled to North Yemen with Ali Nasser Mohammed, president of South Yemen, after Ali Nasser’s faction of the ruling Yemeni Socialist Party lost the 1986 civil war.

Hadi played a low-profile role during Revolution 14 October. Following the independence of South Yemen, he rose to prominence in the new military, reaching the rank of Major General.

 Following the war 1994 he was promoted to Vice President on 3 October 1994, replacing Ali Salim Al-Beidh, who had resigned and fought against the government during the war.

Mandate

Hadi was the sole candidate in the presidential election that was held on 21 February 2012. His candidacy was backed by the ruling party, as well as by the parliamentary opposition. The Electoral Commission reported that 65 percent of registered voters in Yemen voted during the election. Hadi won with 99.80% of the vote and took the oath of office in Yemen’s parliament on 25 February 2012. He was formally inaugurated as the president of Yemen on 27 February 2012, After the 2011 revolution against Ali Abdullah Saleh, which led to resigned from the presidency and formally ceded power to Hadi.

Political reform

In March 2013 the National Dialogue Conference was conceived as a core part of the transition process and is intended to bring together Yemen’s diverse political and demographic groups to address critical issues. In January 2014, Hadi pushed delegates at the conference to break a deadlock on key issues and bring the talks to an overdue close. When those in attendance finally agreed on a final few points, he launched into an impassioned speech that led to a spike in his popularity. It was agreed that Yemen would shift to a federal model of government in the future, a move which have been proposed and forcefully backed by Hadi

Military

In a move to unify the Armed Forces of Yemen which suffered from split since the Yemeni Revolution, Hadi began reforming the Military.

President of Yemen

He issued Presidential decree №104 of December 2012 reorganizing the Military into 5 main branches: Air Force, Army (Ground Force), Navy and Coastal Defence, Border Troops and Strategic Reserve Forces, which includes the Special Operation Command, the Missile Defence Command and the Presidential Protective Forces.

Security issues

From his early days at office, Hadi advocated fighting Al-Qaida as an important goal. In a meeting with British Foreign Secretary, William Haguein his first days at office Hadi said “We intend to confront terrorism with full force and whatever the matter we will pursue it to the very last hiding place”.

Houthi coup

Hadi was forced to agree to a power-sharing deal after the fall of Sana’a to the rebel group Houthis in September 2014. The Houthis refused to participate in the “unity government”, although they continued to occupy key positions and buildings in Sana’a and hold territory throughout northern Yemen.

Three days after Hadi’s resignation (21 January 2015), the Houthis took over the presidential palace  Hadi and Prime Minister Khaled Bahah tendered their resignations to parliament which reportedly refused to accept them. Then the Yemeni cabinet was dissolved. Hadi and his former ministers remained under virtual house arrest since their resignations.

United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon called for Hadi to be restored as president after the Houthis installed themselves as the interim government in February 2015. According to Houthi-controlled state media, Hadi reaffirmed on 8 February that his resignation was “final” and could not be withdrawn.

However, after leaving Sana’a and traveling to Aden on 21 February, Hadi gave a speech in which he presented himself as Yemen’s president and said the actions taken by the Houthis since 21 September were unconstitutional and invalid.

Operation Decisive Storm

A military intervention was launched by Saudi Arabia in 2015, leading a coalition of nine African and Middle East countries, to support of the government of President Abdrabbuh Mansur Hadi. Code-named Operation Decisive Storm. The Saudi-led coalition has attacked the positions of the Houthi militia and loyalists of the former President of Yemen, Ali Abdullah Saleh, in response to a request from the internationally-recognized government of President Abdrabbuh Mansur Hadi.